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EU referendum: What would a Brexit vote mean for your trademark rights?
Following our update on the possible impact on a business’s patent rights if there is a vote for Brexit on 23 June, we look at the implications for trademark and design portfolios.
With a reported one third of the electorate unsure whether to vote to leave or remain in the EU on 23 June, and the other two thirds split relatively equally between the two camps, a British exit (Brexit) now seems a real possibility. But, what will it mean for trademark and design rights?
Will EU TMs continue to cover the UK?
At present, there is no documentation or comment from the UK’s Intellectual Property Office (IPO) on the potential impact on trademarks and designs in the event of an exit vote in the referendum. However, it is reasonable to expect that if the UK does leave the EU, it will no longer be part of the European trademark (EU TM) or registered design (EU Design) systems.
That said, the withdrawal from the EU TM and Design systems will not occur immediately: Article 50 of the Lisbon Treaty stipulates a two-year withdrawal and negotiation period (which can be extended). It is yet to be seen whether the UK would need to legislate for successor rights as part of that withdrawal (i.e. some form of conversion of EU rights into UK law) or if UK proprietors would be required to re-register EU rights at the UK IPO.
Nonetheless, companies would be advised to review their current filings and management/renewals strategy to ensure their rights continue to be protected at both EU and UK level post-Brexit. We would advise taking the following steps:
- Prioritise registrations: Review your current EU TM (and Design) portfolio and prioritise rights for action/protection (e.g. between primary, secondary and tertiary registrations)
- Pull out duplicate rights: Identify those EU rights that overlap with existing UK registrations (as separate protection should already exist)
- Weed out waste: Use the opportunity to identify those rights or classes that are no longer relevant, so as to save cost and streamline the portfolio
- Ringfence core rights: Also use the time to review primary/key rights to ensure that they are up-to-date and adequately protected
- Consider associated effects: For example, implications for existing licensing agreements, injunctions/disputes or anti-counterfeiting strategies (as the UK may no longer be subject to the EU principles on the free movement of goods)
Should you convert your EU TMs to UK applications?
If an EU TM has been filed and the trademark is used only in the UK, then the right could be vulnerable to cancellation actions (for non-use) if the five-year grace period has passed. It is already possible to convert such EU TMs to UK rights, however, it’s important to note that such conversions will leave companies without EU TM protection and could, therefore, require them to file additional applications to ensure protection in Europe if they plan to use their mark there moving forward.
Conversely, when the UK portion of a EU TM, which is used only outside the UK, is converted into a national registration, the UK registration would similarly be vulnerable to cancellation actions (for non-use).
Seniority claims would also need to be reviewed. When the EU TM system was implemented, there was a system by which national rights could ‘live’ within the EU right and the national right allowed to lapse. Where this has occurred in respect of UK rights, it would need to be discussed whether these rights could be re-activated in some way.
Will it impact enforcement strategies?
There will be some impact on the enforcement of rights if the UK exits the EU, as the UK would no longer have a EU TM court. While the impact is likely to be quite minimal, any pan-EU injunctions/ or decisions could be vulnerable to change or amendment.
What about imports?
An exit from Europe could also have an impact when it comes to the transportation of goods between the UK and the EU. The considerations preventing the partitioning of the internal market would no longer apply if the UK leaves the European Economic Area (EEA). Consequently, EU TMs and Designs could be used to prevent imports into the EU from the UK, as exhaustion rules would no longer apply (currently, a trademark owner cannot object to the further dealing of goods it has placed on the market within the EEA). Likewise, UK rights would not be exhausted by sales elsewhere in Europe and could be used to prevent parallel imports into the UK from the EU.
Most brand owners already know the importance of recording their trademarks with customs to enable them to identify and act against infringing products; however, the Brexit vote may be a good opportunity to review those strategies and to ensure that those trademarks are recorded with customs authorities in both the UK and EU. (Click here for advice on recording your trademarks with customs departments)
A right for Scotland?
Nicola Sturgeon has indicated that there would be strong demand for a new referendum on independence if the UK were to exit the EU. This could pose greater uncertainty surrounding the national UK systems for trademarks, designs and patents.
A vote for Brexit could start the process of change in the way in which UK and European businesses protect their IP rights nationally and in the EU. If vote leave does emerge the victor in the debate, we will be in touch with additional advice and updates as the process is discussed and clarified. Please don’t hesitate to contact us if you have any queries or concerns.